Our Chicken Breeds

Buff Orpington

- Relativly new breed that was accepted by the American Poultry Association in 1902.
- Created by William Cook in the town of Orpington in the county of Kent, U.K. by a combination of gold spangled Hanburgs, Dorkings, and buff Cochins.
- Considered a dual purpose meat or egg producing bird.
- Males typically weigh around 10lbs, females 8lbs
- Females lay large brown eggs.

Plymouth Barred Rock

- Older American breed that was accepted by the American Poultry Association in 1874.
- Named for its barred or striped patterned feathers.
- Considered a dual purpose meat or egg producing bird.
- Males typically weigh around 8.5lbs, females 7.5lbs.
- Females lay medium light brown eggs.

Americauna

- New breed that was accepted by the American Poultry Association in 1984.
- Created from an Araucana which has a lethal gene that, if present in both parents, will kill the developing chick in the egg. The Americauna has been bred to eliminate the lethal gene but retain the blue egg coloring gene.
- Considered a dual purpose meat or egg producing bird.
- Males typically weigh around 6.5lbs, females 5.5lbs.
- Females lay medium light blue eggs.

Brown Leghorn

- Older breed that was accepted by the American Poultry Association in 1874.
- The pedigree of this chicken is unknown, it was brought to the U.S. from Italy. The name Leghorn is a corruption of the name of the seaport town of Livorno, Italy. These birds were originally called Italians in the U.S.
- Considered a dual purpose meat or egg producing bird.
- Males typically weigh around 7.5lbs, females 5-6lbs.
- Females lay large white eggs.

Polish

- Older breed that was accepted by the American Poultry Association in 1874.
- The origins of this bird are unknown, but there are paintings depicting the chicken with its distinctive puff feathered head from the 17th century.
- Breed is exclusively raised for its egg production.
- Males typically weigh around 6lbs, females 4lbs.
- Females lay medium white eggs.

Delaware

- Relatively new breed that was accepted by the American Poultry Association in 1952.
- Created by George Ellis by cross breeding a Plymouth Rock with a New Hampshire.
- Considered a dual purpose meat or egg producing bird.
- Males typically weigh around 7-8lbs, females 6lbs.
- Females lay large brown eggs.

Buckeye

- Older breed that was accepted by the American Poultry Association in 1904.
- Created by Nettie Metcalf in the town of Warren, Ohio by a combination of Barred Plymouth Rocks, Buff Cochins, and Black-Breasted Red Games.
- Considered a dual purpose meat or egg producing bird.
- Males typically weigh around 9lbs, females 6.5lbs.
- Females lay medium brown eggs.

Sapphire Gem

- This breed is not recognized by the American Poultry Association.
- This chicken is thought to be a cross between a Blue Plymouth Rock and a Barred Plymouth Rock.
- Medium sized chicken.
- Females lay medium light blue eggs.

Welsummer

- New breed that was accepted by the American Poultry Association in 1991.
- Created about 100 years ago in the Netherlands in the village of Welsum.
- Considered a dual purpose meat or egg producing bird.
- Males typically weigh around 7lbs, females 6lbs.
- Females lay red-brown, often black spotted eggs.